The Glute-Ham Raise
Staying true to its name, the Glute-Ham Raise is one of the most effective exercises used to strengthen your glutes and hamstrings. While you can often find a glute-ham machine at a public gym, this exercise can be performed without major equipment as well. In short, the glute-ham raise is a key exercise in developing the glutes and hamstrings and there are a variety of ways you can perform it to optimize your leg workout programming!
Muscles Worked by the Glute-Ham Raise
Primary Muscle Groups:
Unsurprisingly, the glutes and hamstrings are the target muscles of the glute-ham raise. The gluteal muscles are a group of three muscles that make up your buttocks: the gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus. It is extremely important to train all three muscles. Fortunately, the glute-ham raise is one of the best gluteus medius and gluteus maximus strengthening exercises you will find.
Similarly, a group of three muscles combine to form the hamstring: the biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and the semimembranosus. The glute-ham raise helps to build all three of these muscles in the back of your leg. Many athletes and bodybuilders tend to overwork their quads at the expense of their hamstrings. If this sounds like you, the glute-ham raise is the perfect exercise to build strength in your hamstrings and grow the back of your legs.
Secondary Muscle Groups:
Although your glutes and hamstrings are primarily targeted by the glute-ham raise, this exercise secondarily engages your lower back (spinal erectors), upper back (rhomboids) and calves (gastrocnemius and soleus). Throughout the glute-ham raise, your lower and upper back activate to stabilize your upper body. This exercise serves as an isometric calf workout as well. This means your calves contract while remaining stationary during the glute-ham raise.
Glute-Ham Raise Benefits
1. Strength gains
Unlike the squat or deadlift, the glute-ham raise builds your leg and glute strength without the use of heavy weights. As a result, the glute-ham raise can act as a supplementary exercise to help you improve your squat and deadlift performance. Whether you are an athlete, bodybuilder, or simply someone who values fitness, this exercise will certainly help you build stronger hamstrings and glutes.
2. Minimal lower back stress
Many people who train their legs by squatting or deadlifting often complain of lower back pain. These exercises place a heavy stress on the lower back, which can cause discomfort and stifle gains from exercising. On the other hand, the glute-ham raise places very little tension on the lower back. If you struggle with lower back pain but still want to work out your legs and glutes, this exercise is for you.
3. Improved vertical jump and speed
Your glutes and hamstrings are key muscles involved in both running and jumping. Their development is crucial to improve your vertical jump and your sprinting speed. However, the calves are also involved in the running and jumping motions, as they are the closest muscle to the ground that aids in explosiveness. As stated before, the glute-ham raise is an isometric calf exercise as well, which provides an added bonus of training for athletic performance.
How to do the Glute-Ham Raise
Before doing any exercise, we first have to become familiar with the necessary equipment. In this case, we are talking about the glute-ham raise machine. Each machine is comprised of three parts: the foot plate, the ankle hooks, and the knee pads.
1. Position your feet firmly against the foot plate and allow your calves to press against the ankle hooks. Your knees should be slightly behind or exactly on the knee pads.
2. Start with your upper body perpendicular to the ground. Feel as though you are able to draw a vertical line from your head to your knees.
1. Tighten your hamstrings, glutes, and abs.
2. Slowly lower yourself until your body is parallel to the floor.
3. Next, press your toes into the foot plate and raise your body using your hamstrings (and some help from your glutes).
4. Squeeze hamstrings and glutes hard at the top to maximize contraction.
5. Stay controlled and slowly lower yourself back down and repeat.
This exercise can be difficult for experienced weightlifters, let alone beginners. Once you’ve established the glute-ham raise form properly performing the movement, aim for three sets of six to ten repetitions. For those who have mastered the traditional glute-ham raise, keep reading for more challenging variations!
Common Glute-Ham Raise Mistakes
1. Bending at the hips
Many lifters often bend their waist forward as they raise their body from a horizontal position. This likely occurs due to a lack of strength in the hamstrings, as bending moves tension away from the hamstrings. Bending at the hips during the glute-ham raise is not inherently a safety problem. However, it will prevent you from seeing the maximum gains in your hamstrings. Instead, practice proper form with a variation to make the exercise easier!
2. Hyper-extended back
After bending downwards to reach the point at which the body is parallel to the floor, many people have the tendency to hyperextend their back as they raise upwards. A hyperextended back during the glute-ham raise simply occurs due to a lack of strength in the hamstrings. If you feel major lower back tension during this exercise, you are probably hyperextending your back. Don’t be discouraged! The glute-ham raise is a difficult exercise. With steady practice, you will master the form in no time.
Glute-Ham Raise Variations
1. Weighted glute-ham raise
During the glute-ham raise, your body acts as a lever. Your hamstrings and glutes are responsible for pulling this lever from a horizontal position to a vertical position. If you feel comfortable performing 6-10 reps for three sets of the glute-ham raise, try adding weight. Grasp a 10-25 pound plate or dumbbell across your chest and perform the glute-ham raise with the same technique. This weight adds stress to the lever and directs more tension to your hamstrings, glutes, and calves.
2. Resistance band glute-ham raise
The resistance band glute-ham raise may be the most challenging variation of the glute-ham raise. Attach one end of the resistance band to the glute-ham machine and other end around your neck. This variation can be difficult because the band increases resistance on your hamstrings throughout the range of motion. This concept is known as accommodating resistance and it is an effective addition to the glute-ham raise.
3. Body weight glute-ham raise
Don’t have access to a glute-ham machine? No problem! The body weight glute-ham raise (also known as the Nordic Hamstring Curl) is for you. To secure your ankles, you can use the bottom of a rack, the knee pads for a lat pulldown machine, ask a partner to hold your feet, or use any other creative method to stabilize your ankles. Starting from a vertical, upright position, lower your body until your legs are almost completely straight. If you cannot complete the rep, push off the floor or a box to give yourself a boost upwards.
Glute-Ham Raise Alternatives
If you enjoyed the glute-ham raise, check out these other hamstring and glute exercises to bolster your lower body training:
1. Reverse lunge with kickback
2. Hamstring heel curls
3. Donkey kicks
4. Pull through
5. Back elevated hip thrust
You don’t need any fancy equipment or expensive gym memberships to improve your lower body strength. Here are more alternatives that you can do in your very own home in just a five minute workout routine!
Also, download the Anabolic Aliens exercise generator app Exerprise for FREE to generate custom workouts on your phone in the matter of seconds. There are over 90 leg and glute exercises to choose from on the app and more are added nearly every day! Our goal at Anabolic Aliens is to make your fitness goals accessible and achievable. With this app, you can exercise in a way that complements your schedule, equipment availability, and fitness goals. Come back to The Signal for more health and fitness content soon!
Also, check out the Anabolic Aliens Galactic Guide to Gains. The GG2G is a 6-week, all inclusive fitness and diet program that is filled with valuable information to help you achieve sustainable success!